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Communicable Disease Procedures

COMMUNICABLE DISEASE PROCEDURES

The PONY Rule Book, Section 9 (Q), recommends the following guidelines to protect managers, coaches, and players from communicable diseases.

While risk of one athlete infecting another with HIV/AIDS during competition is close to non-existent, there is a remote risk that other blood borne infectious diseases can be transmitted.  For example, Hepatitis B can be present in blood as well as in other body fluids.  Procedures for reducing potential for transmission of these infectious agents should include, but not be limited to, the following:

1.) The bleeding must be stopped, the open wound covered, and if there is an excessive amount of blood on the uniform, it must be changed before the athlete may participate.

2.) Routine use of gloves or other precautions to prevent skin and mucous membrane exposure when contact with blood or other body fluids is anticipated.

3.) Immediately wash hands and other skin surfaces if contaminated (in contact) with blood or other body fluids.  Wash hands immediately after removing gloves.

4.) Clean all contaminated surfaces and equipment with an appropriate disinfectant before competition resumes.

5.) Practice proper disposal procedures to prevent injuries caused by needles, scalpels and other sharp instruments or devices.

6.) Although saliva has not been implicated in HIV transmission, to minimize the need for emergency mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, mouthpieces, resuscitation bags, or other ventilation devices should be available for use.

7.) Athletic trainers/coaches with bleeding or oozing skin conditions should refrain from all direct athletic care until the condition resolves.

8.) Contaminated towels should be properly disposed of or disinfected.

9.) Follow acceptable guidelines in the immediate control of bleeding and when handling bloody dressings, mouth guards and other articles containing body fluids.